What Is Landscape Design?

Landscape design is the arrangement and modification of natural and man-made outdoor features, such as plants, gardens, ponds, trees, lawns, walkways, and buildings, to create an environment that suits the needs of people and places. The profession of landscape architecture encompasses many fields including urban design, environmental planning, site analysis and rehabilitation, watershed restoration and conservation, eco-friendly land development, and more.

When homeowners are looking to have a landscape design created, they often start with a list of everything that they want to include in their outdoor living space. Once this list is compiled, it is recommended that they work with a professional to develop a landscape installation plan that will allow them to maximize the value of their property while also achieving a yard that is both beautiful and functional.

There are several principles that are essential to good Landscape design. These include unity, contrast, balance, and transition. Unity is achieved through repetition and consistency within a composition, while contrast draws the eye to specific areas of the landscape. Balance is achieved by using different elements with similar imaginary weights in a landscape composition. Transition is achieved through the gradual blending of one area into another.

In addition to the elements listed above, Landscape design also takes into account the physical characteristics of the site and the overall conditions. The location, soil condition, and existing structures will all impact the type of hardscape and softscape that can be designed for a particular site. The climate and soil type may limit what types of plants can be used as well.

Once a thorough site analysis is completed, the next step in the Landscape design process is the conceptual phase. This is where the homeowner and landscaping professional will experiment with various layouts and features to find the best overall design for the outdoor living space. It is important to note that this is a very critical stage in the process and should not be skipped.

After the conceptual phase is complete, the homeowner will need to review and approve the final design before it is implemented. This is a great time for them to ask questions and discuss any concerns they have with the landscaping professional. It is also recommended that the homeowner interview multiple Landscape designers before making a decision. Once the final landscape installation plan has been approved, it is important that the homeowner gets everything in writing to protect their investment.

Landscape design is a complex and multifaceted field, but it is also incredibly rewarding. The creation of landscapes that promote health and wellbeing for people and the environment is something to be proud of. As long as homeowners keep in mind the important steps in the Landscape design process, they can be sure that their outdoor living spaces will not only be visually appealing but also healthy and functional for years to come. Landscape architects are proud to be part of such a noble profession.